Employment dispute process in Indonesia refers to Law No. 2 of 2004 concerning Employment Disputes Resolution (“EDR Laws“) although the substance of dispute refers to Law no. 13 of 2003 concerning Manpower. However, the EDR Laws provides limitations on the types of employment disputes, as follows:
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- Dispute of Rights
- Dispute of Interest
- Dispute of Lay Off
- Dispute between Labor Unions in a Company
Perbandingan UU Ciptaker ini diulas secara singkat dan sederhana guna memudahkan para pihak yang berkepentingan atas UU Ciptaker dalam klaster Ketenagakerjaan yang mengubah beberapa pasal dalam UU No. 13 Tahun 2003 tentang Ketenagakerjaan.
UU Ciptaker menuai banyak kontroversi dikalangan masyarakat khususnya buruh/pekerja di Indonesia, karena dianggap banyak perubahan signifikan yang dapat merugikan hak-hak pekerja. Sehingga alasan ini menjadi dasar bagi para pekerja untuk melakukan aksi demonstrasi besar-besaran untuk menolak UU Cipta Kerja.
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Civil lawsuits in Indonesia, especially for commercial dispute, (generally) are regulated under Civil Code. In this matter, namely Breach of Contract and Tort Lawsuit that has different ground and mechanism.
Apart from these, actually there are many other types of lawsuits in Indonesia which more specific for certain cases, such as divorce, employment dispute. However, this article will only elaborate two types of lawsuits that the most common in Indonesia, as follows:
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Trademark protection is important part for business continuity of business practitioners. Trademark is the hallmark that distinguishes a business from its competitors. As interpreted under Law Number 20 Year 2016 concerning Trademarks and Geographical Indications (“Trademark and Geographical Indications Law”), trademark is a mark that can be displayed graphically in the form of images, logos, names, words, letters, numbers, color arrangements, in two-dimensional form and/or three dimensions, sound, hologram, or a combination of two or more of these elements to distinguish goods and/or services produced by persons or legal entities in business transaction of goods and/or services.
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The agreement is constitutes as a legal basis to the parties who made it to conduct certain subject and specified action, wherein this certain subject or specified action are not regulate or prohibit under the law in Indonesia. Moreover, Article 1338 Civil Code clearly stated that the agreement is applied for the parties as a Law, and cannot be revoked unless it is agreed.
Generally, the main legal basis to make an agreement in Indonesia is regulated under Civil Code, but there are certain regulation according to object and necessary to make the agreement in Indonesia. For example, Employment Agreement is made by company and employee which should be obey to the Laws No. 13 of 2003 regarding Employment Law, also the marriage agreement should be obey under Laws No. 1 of 1974 regarding Marriage.
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